Including Original "Paul H. Letters" Copyright © 1996-2017 Paul V. Heinrich - All rights reserved.



Tuesday, 25 December 2012

Strangest Dinosaur Names And Other Curiosities of Biological Nomenclature

Strangest Dinosaur Names And Other Curiosities of Biological Nomenclature

Strangest Dinosaur Names by Alex, Neatorama.
http://www.neatorama.com/2007/02/19/the-worlds-strangest-dinosaur-names/

Curiosities of Biological Nomenclature by Mark Isaak
http://www.curioustaxonomy.net/etym/people.html

What Goes Into Naming A New Species? A Lot
by Robert Krulwich, NPR, September 23, 2008
http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=94886658

Fishing Column: Fish biologists honor 5 political
figures by Martin Armstrong, Stamford Advocate
November 30, 2012
http://www.stamfordadvocate.com/sports/article/Fishing-Column-Fish-biologists-honor-5-political-4082394.php

The paper that named a trilobite after Sid Vicious is:

Adrain, J. M. and G. D. Edgecombe, 1997,
Silurian (Wenlock) calymenid trilobites from the Cape
Phillips Formation, central Canadian Arctic. Journal
of Paleontology. vol. 71, no. 4, pp. 657-682.
http://jpaleontol.geoscienceworld.org/content/71/4/657

PDF file of the above paper at:
http://www.nhm.ac.uk/resources-rx/files/adrain--edgecombe-1997-calymenids-94138.pdf
and http://paleo.iowa.uiowa.edu/Adrainlab/pubs/pubs.html

Arcticalymene
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arcticalymene

Best wishes,

Paul H.

Friday, 21 December 2012

California meteorite a scientific gold mine

California meteorite a scientific gold mine

Meteorite fragments found in El Dorado County excite
scientists, Sacramento Bee, December 21, 2012
http://www.sacbee.com/2012/12/21/5069221/meteorite-fragments-found-in-el.html

California meteorite a scientific gold mine (Sutter’s Mill
rock preserves rare, fresh material from outer space)
by Alexandra Witzem, Science News, December 21, 2012
http://www.sciencenews.org/view/generic/id/347199/description/California_meteorite_a_scientific_gold_mine
and http://www.seti.org/node/1542

Partly Cloudy with a Chance of Meteorites, Astrobiology
http://www.astrobio.net/pressrelease/5235/partly-cloudy-with-a-chance-of-meteorites

Western University astronomers part of massive NASA
meteorite discovery at Sutter's Mill, Western University
http://spaceref.com/news/viewpr.html?pid=39599

The paper is:

Jenniskens, P., and others, 2012, Radar-enabled recovery
of the Sutter’s Mill meteorite, a carbonaceous chondrite
regolith breccia. Science. vol. 338, p. 1583-1587
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/338/6114/1583.full

best wishes,

Paul H.

Today's Weather Forecast - Chance of Meteorites :-) :-)

Today's Weather Forecast - Chance of Meteorites :-) :-)

I found this weather forecast, predicting chance of meteorites, for today. :-) :-)

The End Of The World As We Know It
http://www.colonyofgamers.com/cogforums/showthread.php?p=1101487
https://sphotos-b.xx.fbcdn.net/hphotos-ash3/29565_4668286079137_1189435337_n.jpg

Or Pass The Mayan-aisse
http://adayinthewife.com/?p=782
http://adayinthewife.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/12/MAYAN.jpg

It is nice to know among all of the craziness that there are people with
a sense of humor.

Happy Holidays,

Paul H.

Thursday, 20 December 2012

Alleged Grand Canyon Meteorite Strikes

Alleged Grand Canyon Meteorite Strikes

The section “Minerals from Spaces” (Pages 87-88),
Billingsley et al. (1997) recounts claims of reported
meteorite strikes in the Grand Canyon.For example,
they note that according to Huntoon (1989), a
meteorite slammed into the north wall of Milkweed
Canyon in either 1922 or 1924 across from a now
abandoned village.

Billingsley et al. (1997) can be downloaded as a PDF
file for free from:

http://www.grandcanyon.org/booksmore/booksmore_epublications.asp
http://www.grandcanyon.org/booksmore/epubs/pillar/quest_for_the_pillar_of_gold_full.pdf

References Cited

Billingsley, G. H., E. E. Spamer, and D. Menkes, 1997,
Quest for the Pillar of Gold: The Mines and Miners
of the Grand Canyon. Grand Canyon Association,
Grnad Canyon, Arizona. 112 pp.

Huntoon, P. W., 1989, Small Meteorite Impact in the
Western Grand Canyon, Arizona. In Elston, D. P.,
Billingsley, G. H., and Young, R.A. (eds.). "Geology of
Grand Canyon, Northern Arizona (with Colorado River
guides)." 28th International Geological Congress Field
Trip Guidebook T115/315.Washington, D.C.: American
Geophysical Union, p. 228.

Best wishes,

Paul H.

Wednesday, 19 December 2012

2012: The Year in Volcanic Activity

2012: The Year in Volcanic Activity

Some great pictures of volcanoes can be found in:
2012: The Year in Volcanic Activity, The Atlantic at
http://www.theatlantic.com/infocus/2012/12/2012-the-year-in-volcanic-activity/100423/

Happy Holidays,

Paul H.

Monday, 17 December 2012

Pleistocene Wolf And Saber-Tooth Cat Fossils, Las Vegas, Nevada

Pleistocene Wolf And Saber-Tooth Cat Fossils, Las Vegas, Nevada

Saber-tooth cats found to be part of Las Vegas' past

Las Vegas review-Journal, December 4, 2102

http://www.lvrj.com/news/saber-tooth-cats-found-to-be-part-of-las-vegas-past-182101111.html

Saber tooth fossil found, WCSH Channel 6, Las Vegas, Dec. 6, 2012,

http://www.wcsh6.com/news/watercooler/article/224014/108/Saber-tooth-fossil-found

Fossil from ice age wolf unearthed in Nevada, Las Vegas Sun,
December 16, 2102, http://www.lasvegassun.com/news/2012/dec/16/nv-extinct-wolf-nevada/

Other web pages


America's Newest Fossil Beds National Monument Tule Springs

http://www.biologicaldiversity.org/publications/papers/TuleSprings.pdf

Tule Springs fossils attracting paleontologists from

around world by Henry Brean, Las Vegas Review-Journal

http://www.lvrj.com/news/tule-springs-fossils-attracting-paleontologists-from-around-world-132906008.html


Legislation preserving fossil-rich area north of Las Vegas
as national monument expected this year, Las Vegas Sun,
March 20, 2012, http://www.lasvegass...l-rich-area-no/ <http://www.lasvegassun.com/news/2012/mar/20/federal-legislation-preserving-fossil-rich-area-no/>

Happy Holidays,

Paul H.

Dakar Rally poses serious risk to ancient fossils

Dakar Rally poses serious risk to ancient fossils

Experts warn Dakar Rally poses serious risk to ancient fossils
in South America by Carlos Mandujano, Santiago, Chile, AAP
December 15, 2012,
http://www.foxsports.com.au/motor-sports/dakar/experts-warn-dakar-rally-poses-serious-risk-to-ancient-fossils-in-south-america/story-fn5k5ou0-1226537474518

Dakar Rally rapped over 20 million year fossil damage by
Carlos Mandujano, December 15, 2012,
http://phys.org/news/2012-12-dakar-rally-rapped-million-year.html

Scientists say rally a risk to archaeological sites, The Age,
Australia, December 16, 2012,
http://www.theage.com.au/sport/motorsport/scientists-say-rally-a-risk-to-archaeological-sites-20121215-2bgj3.html

The homepage for the Dakar Rally is http://www.dakar.com/index_DAKus.html

The companies sponsoring it are http://www.dakar.com/dakar/2013/us/sponsors.html

Merry Christmas and Happy New Year,

Paul H.

Thursday, 13 December 2012

Ediacaran Fossils Argued to Be Nonmarine

Ediacaran Fossils Argued to Be Nonmarine

Australian Multicellular Fossils Point to Life On
Land, Not at Sea, Geologist Proposes, Science Daily,
Dec. 12, 2012,
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/12/121212134050.htm

Ancient Australian fossils were on land, not at sea,
geologist proposes, University of Oregon, Dec.
12, 2102,
http://uonews.uoregon.edu/archive/news-release/2012/12/ancient-australian-fossils-were-land-not-sea-geologist-proposes

'Marine' Fossils May Instead Represent Early Land
Dwellers, Science AAAS,
http://news.sciencemag.org/sciencenow/2012/12/marine-fossils-may-instead-repre.html

Controversial claim puts life on land 65 million years
early, Nature.com,
http://www.nature.com/news/controversial-claim-puts-life-on-land-65-million-years-early-1.12017

The paper is:

Retallack, G. J., 2012, Ediacaran life on land. Nature.
Published online, 12 December 2012
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nature11777.html

Related papers are:

Xiao, S., and L. P. Knauth, 2012, Palaeontology:
Fossils come in to land. Nature. Published online
12 December 2012
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nature11765.html

Retallack, G. J., 1994b. Were the Ediacaran fossils lichens?
Paleobiology. vol. 20, 523-544.

PDF file at
http://pages.uoregon.edu/dogsci/lib/exe/fetch.php?media=directory/faculty/greg/fossil_lichens.pdf&id=directory%253Afaculty%253Agreg%253Apublications&cache=cache
and http://pages.uoregon.edu/dogsci/doku.php?id=directory/faculty/greg/publications

Retallack, G. J., 2012, Were Ediacaran siliciclastics of
South Australia coastal or deep marine? Sedimentology.
vol. 58, pp. 1208-1236.

PDF file at
http://pages.uoregon.edu/dogsci/lib/exe/fetch.php?media=directory/faculty/greg/retallack_2012_ediacaran_paleosols.pdf&id=directory%253Afaculty%253Agreg%253Apublications&cache=cache
and at http://pages.uoregon.edu/dogsci/doku.php?id=directory/faculty/greg/publications

Retallack, G. J., 2008, Cambrian paleosols and landscapes
of South Australia. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences.
vol. 55, pp. 1083-1106

PDF file at
http://pages.uoregon.edu/dogsci/lib/exe/fetch.php?media=directory/faculty/greg/australianjournalofearthsciences2008.pdf&id=directory%253Afaculty%253Agreg%253Apublications&cache=cache
and http://pages.uoregon.edu/dogsci/doku.php?id=directory/faculty/greg/publications

Gregory Retallack homepage at
http://pages.uoregon.edu/dogsci/doku.php?id=directory/faculty/greg/main

PDFs of Gregory Retallack Publications at
http://pages.uoregon.edu/dogsci/doku.php?id=directory/faculty/greg/publications

Best wishes,

Paul H.

Friday, 30 November 2012

A 60-Million-Year Debate on Grand Canyon’s Age

A 60-Million-Year Debate on Grand Canyon’s Age

Did Dinosaurs Gawk at the Grand Canyon?
by Phil Berardelli, Science Now, April 28, 2102http://news.sciencemag.org/sciencenow/2008/04/11-01.html

A Grand Old Canyon by Sid Perkins , Science
News, November 2012,
http://news.sciencemag.org/sciencenow/2012/11/a-grand-old-canyon.html

A 60-Million-Year Debate on Grand Canyon’s Age
By John N. Wilford, November 29, 2012
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/11/30/science/earth/study-sees-older-grand-canyon-stirring-controversy.html

Grand Canyon 70 million years old, formed during
era of dinosaurs, new study claims, Washington Post,
November 29, 2012,
http://www.washingtonpost.com/national/health-science/grand-canyon-70-million-years-old-formed-during-era-of-dinosaurs-new-study-claims/2012/11/29/5788b9d0-3a45-11e2-b01f-5f55b193f58f_story.html

Study contends Grand Canyon as old as dinosaur
era by Alicia Chang, November 29, 2012
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/huff-wires/20121129/us-sci-grand-canyon-age/?utm_hp_ref=media&ir=media

A Grand Canyon as Old as the Dinosaurs?, Cal Tech
http://www.caltech.edu/content/grand-canyon-old-dinosaurs

The paper is:

Flowers, R. M., and K. A. Farley, 2012, Apatite 4He/3He
and (U-Th)/He Evidence for an Ancient Grand Canyon.
Science Express, Published Online November 29 2012
Science DOI: 10.1126/science.1229390
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/early/2012/11/28/science.1229390

A recent paper about the "California River" is:

Wernicke, B., 2011, The California River and its role in
carving Grand Canyon. Geological Society of America
Bulletin. vol. 123, no. 7-8, pp. 1288-1316.

Abstract at
http://gsabulletin.gsapubs.org/content/early/2011/01/26/B30274.1

PDF file at
http://www.geo.umass.edu/structure/StrSem/Werneckie-GSABull-InPresJan2011-Canyon.pdf

Another recent paper is:

Longinott, N., nd, Chapter 4: History of the Colorado
River Incision and Formation of the Grand Canyon.

PDF file at
https://www.geology.ucdavis.edu/~shlemonc/trips/grandcanyon_12/bigpicture/Ch4_GC_incision.pdf
and https://www.geology.ucdavis.edu/~shlemonc/trips/grandcanyon_12/index.html

Finally, there is:

Beard, L. S., K. E. Karlstrom, R. A. Young, and G. H.
Billingsley, eds., 2011, CRevolution 2—Origin and
evolution of the Colorado River system, workshop
abstracts: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report
2011–1210, 300 p.,

Available at either http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2011/1210/ or
27 MB PDF file at http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2011/1210/of2011-1210.pdf

Best wishes,

Paul H.

Tuesday, 27 November 2012

Rhino Skull Baked In Volcanic Ash, Turkey

Rhino Skull Baked In Volcanic Ash, Turkey

9.2-Million-Year-Old Rhino Skull Preserved by Instant '
Cooking to Death' in Volcanic Ash, ScienceDaily, Nov. 21, 2012
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/11/121121210251.htm

The paper is

Pierre-Olivier, A., M. J. Orliac, G. Atici, I. Ulusoy, E. Sen,
H. E. Çubukçu, E. Albayrak, N. Oyal, E. Aydar, and S. Sen,
2012, A Rhinocerotid Skull Cooked-to-Death in a 9.2
Ma-Old Ignimbrite Flow of Turkey. PLoS ONE. 7 (11)
http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0049997

PDF file at
http://www.plosone.org/article/fetchObjectAttachment.action;jsessionid=174882D4140CFB40215966C4E5613D9B?uri=info%3Adoi%2F10.1371%2Fjournal.pone.0049997&representation=PDF

There are a lot of rhino and and other vertebrate fossils
preserved in volcanic ash found in Miocene ash in Ashfall
Fossil Beds of Antelope County in northeastern Nebraska.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ashfall_Fossil_Beds and http://ashfall.unl.edu/index.html

Also, there is the Blue Lake Rhino Cave, which is the cast
of a fossil rhino found in a basaltic lava flow of the Columbia
River Basalts, Lower Grand Coulee, Washington. go see:

Climbers find basalt mold and bones of a 15-million-year-
old rhinoceros at Blue Lake, Grant County, in July 1935.
HistoryLink.org Essay,
http://www.historylink.org/_content/printer_friendly/pf_output.cfm?file_id=9409

Rhino revelation - http://fossilnews.com/1999/rhino.html

Chappell, W. M., M. J. W. Durham, and D. E. Savage, 1951.
Mold of a rhinoceros in basalt, Lower Grand Coulee,
Washington. Geological Society of America Bulletin.
vol. 62, pp. 907-918.
http://bulletin.geoscienceworld.org/content/62/8/907.abstract

Kaler, K. L., 1988. The Blue Lake rhinoceros. Washington
Geologic Newsletter. vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 3-8.

PDF file at http://www.dnr.wa.gov/Publications/ger_washington_geology_1988_v16_no4.pdf

Best wishes,

Paul H.

Thursday, 22 November 2012

Famous Mars Meteorite's 'Fossils': What Arctic Rocks Can Tell Us

Famous Mars Meteorite's 'Fossils': What Arctic Rocks Can Tell Us

Famous Mars Meteorite's 'Fossils': What Arctic Rocks
Can Tell Us by Leslie Mullen, Astrobiology Magazine
http://www.space.com/18414-mars-meteorite-life-arctic-rocks-qanda.html

Famous Mars meteorite's 'fossils' similar to those
found in arctic {Arctic rocks in Svalbard contain
similar minerals inside as Allan Hills 84001 meteorite.]
by Leslie Mullen, Astrobiology Magazine, Nov. 17, 2012
http://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/space/stories/famous-mars-meteorites-fossils-similar-to-those-found-in-arctic

Best wishes,

Paul H.

Monday, 19 November 2012

Manmade Crater - Why Geologists Should Not Play With Matches

Manmade Crater - Why Geologists Should Not Play With Matches

Derweze, Wikipedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Derweze

Darvaz: The Door To Hell
http://englishrussia.com/2008/03/25/darvaz-the-door-to-hell/

Flaming Crater, Darvaza Turkmenistan 1/6 - Phillips Connor
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TEjoga1yrn0

(At the very beginning of this video, the person
by the crater’s rim provides an idea of how big it is.)

Flaming Crater, Darvaza Turkmenistan 2/6 - Phillips Connor
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wF8tZjKTfEE

Door to Hell - Turkmenistan
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5jxPR9_pp90
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SnKqMQgV1vg
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=090Y9RBhBEs

Flaming Gas Crater (Night) / Turkmenistan, Darvaza
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7we6mz0TyZA

Best wishes,

Paul H.

Monday, 12 November 2012

Cause of Younger Dryas Revisited

Cause of Younger Dryas Revisited

New pathway proposed for ancient flood (Meltwaters off
northwestern Canada’s ice sheet would have shut down
the ocean’s heat circulation 13,000 years ago) by
Erin Wayman, science News, November 5, 2012
http://www.sciencenews.org/view/generic/id/346245/description/New_pathway_proposed_for_ancient_flood

Climate Modeler Identifies Trigger for Earth's
Last Big Freeze, ScienceDaily, Nov. 5, 2012
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/11/121105151332.htm
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2012-11/uoma-uac110112.php

Alan Condron identifies trigger for Earth’s last big
freeze, University of Massachusetts web page
http://www.geo.umass.edu/news/alan-condron-identifies-trigger-earth%E2%80%99s-last-big-freeze

The paper is;

Condron, A., and P. Winsor, 2012, Meltwater routing
and the Younger Dryas. Proceedings of the National
Academy of Sciences, 2012; DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1207381109
http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2012/10/31/1207381109

A related paper is:

Murton, J. B., M. D. Bateman, S. R. Dallimore, J. T. Teller,
and Z. Yang, 2010, Identification of Younger Dryas outburst
flood path from Lake Agassiz to the Arctic Ocean.
Nature. vol. 464, no. 7289, pp. 740-743.
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v464/n7289/abs/nature08954.html

Best wishes,

Paul H.

Friday, 9 November 2012

Sir David Attenborough's Thoughts About Fossil Collecting Laws

Sir David Attenborough's Thoughts About Fossil Collecting Laws

David Attenborough: I would never have been
a naturalist under today's fossil laws, The
Telegraph, November 6, 2012
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/earth/wildlife/9657545/David-Attenborough-I-would-never-have-been-a-naturalist-under-todays-fossil-laws.html

A semi-related article is:

For Dakota Paleontologist, It All Started With a
Turtle, New York Times, October 29, 2012
http://www.nytimes.com/2012/10/30/science/for-north-dakota-paleontologist-it-started-with-a-turtle.html

Best wishes,

Paul H.

Pre-Columbian fossil collectors unearthed

Pre-Columbian fossil collectors unearthed

Pre-Columbian fossil collectors unearthed
Nature News, Posted by Ivan Semeniuk
for Sid Perkins, November 9, 2012,
http://blogs.nature.com/news/2012/11/pre-columbian-fossil-collectors-unearthed.html

Best wishes,

Paul H.

Tuesday, 6 November 2012

Oregon Geological Hazard Maps Now Online


Oregon Geological Hazard Maps Now Online


The Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries
now has its maps of various geologic hazards now online.

The press release is:

Geologic hazards in Oregon now easy to find
with online tool, pdf file of new release at
http://www.oregongeology.org/pubs/nr/press-release-2012-10-16.pdf

A brief article is:

New online tool shows geologic hazards at
your address, KPTV.com, Oct. 17, 2012
http://www.kptv.com/story/19848858/new-online-tool-shows-geologic-hazards-at-your-address

The Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral
Industries web pages are:

Oregon HazVu: Statewide Geohazards Viewer
http://www.oregongeology.org/sub/hazvu/index.htm

More Resources about Oregon geologic hazards
http://www.oregongeology.org/sub/hazvu/resources.htm

Earthquakes and other natural hazards in the
Pacific Northwest, http://www.oregongeology.org/sub/earthquakes/earthquakehome.htm

Best wishes,

Paul H.

Fossil Whale Bones Stolen From Flint River, Georgia, Excavation

Fossil Whale Bones Stolen From Flint River, Georgia, Excavation

Who took whale bone fossil? by Jim Wallace, Nov. 2, 212,
http://www.walb.com/story/19986939/who-took-whale-bone-fossil

Thieves target Flint River whale bones by Jessica Fairley
WFXL News, Albany, Georgia, November 5, 2012
http://www.mysouthwestga.com/news/story.aspx?id=820862

An original news article about this fossil whale is:

Whale fossil discovered on Flint River by Dave Miller
WTVM News, August 13, 2012
http://www.wtvm.com/story/19265894/whale-fossil-discovered

Yours,

Paul H.
--

Monday, 29 October 2012

Dinosaur Meat for Sale in Australia :-) :-)

Dinosaur Meat for Sale in Australia :-) :-)

Weird things are happening in either Sidney (Australia)
or Brazil. Go see:

Polícia investiga como um supermercado conseguiu
carne de dinossauro para vender, Noticia Geral,
September 14, 2012, http://www.noticiageral.com/?p=20220

"Em Sidney, Australia, a polícia está investigando um
supermercado que colocou carne de dinossauro na
prateleira, para ser vendida."

Best wishes,

Paul H.

Sunday, 28 October 2012

“What’s So Mysterious About Meteorites?” - Book Review

“What’s So Mysterious About Meteorites?” - Book Review

“What’s So Mysterious About Meteorites?” by Dorothy Sigler Norton
reviewed by Logical Lizard, Tucson Citizen, October 24, 2012
http://tucsoncitizen.com/lizard/2012/10/24/whats-so-mysterious-about-meteorites-by-dorothy-sigler-norton/

Best wishes,

Paul H.

Friday, 26 October 2012

Open Access Geology Textbook Online

Open Access Geology Textbook Online

For the lay rock and mineral collector, there is
a rather nice open access geology textbook. It
is "Earth's Dynamic Systems Web Edition 1.0" T

http://www.earthds.info/
http://www.earthds.info/TOC.html
http://www.earthds.info/Preface.html

Eric H Christiansen and W. Kenneth Hamblin
obviously put a lot of time and effort into it and
is a good introductory text for the interested
layperson.

Best wishes,

Paul H.
--

Tuesday, 23 October 2012

Weird Meteorwrong from Austria

Weird Meteorwrong from Austria

While surfing the web recently, I came across this weird
meteorite claim in an article, "Mystery Ball Is A Meteorite
Claim" by Marija Andric from the December 19, 2009
CroatianTimes at:

http://www.croatiantimes.com/news/Around_the_World/2012-09-19/29743/Mystery_Ball_Is_A_Meteorite_Claim

It briefly mentions a "4-tonne" "mystery ball," which
was found during road work" between Waizenkirchen
and Grieskirchen," Austria. Although it is reported to
be made of metal, I seriously doubt this as the picture,
which accompanies the article, shows an object that
appears to be virtually identical to large cannonball
concretions. According the article, local people have
postulated that it is either a meteorite, religious artifact,
or somehow related to UFOs. These interpretations fall
well into the wide range of ways, including dinosaur
eggs, in which I have found people to have
misidentified large cannonball concretions. Given that
it was found within the North Alpine Molasse Basin,
I suspect that this large, round object is a cannonball
concretion. If so, a number of people have let their
imaginations get carried away with them and it is
certainly a bizarre example of a meteorwrong.

I would be interested if anyone on this list has heard
anything about this object.

For the cannonball concretions that were
misidentified as dinosaur eggs, a person can go to:

Dinosaur eggs said found in Russia's Chechnya
Rueters April 17, 2012
http://in.reuters.com/article/2012/04/17/russia-chechnya-dinosaurs-idINDEE83G0EH20120417

[Rockhounds] Dinosaur eggs said found in Russia's Chechnya
http://lists.drizzle.com/pipermail/rockhounds/2012-April/037533.html

For other pictures of cannonball concretions, a person can go to:

(1.) "Tout ce que la nature ne peut pas faire, IV : sphères de pierre" at:
http://irna.lautre.net/Tout-ce-que-la-nature-ne-peut-pas,45.html

(2.) " Boules de pierre en Slovaquie, République Tchèque et Pologne"
http://irna.lautre.net/Boules-de-pierre-en-Slovaquie.html

(3.) "The Moeraki Boulders" at:
http://homepages.ezysurf.co.nz/~middleimage/MoerakiBoulders.html
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Moeraki_Boulders

(4.) Koutu Boulders (Northland) at:
http://www.geocaching.com/seek/cache_details.aspx?guid=186163b5-4303-4d0f-9e12-44a28d20c08f
http://hokiangatourism.org.nz/activities/attractions/koutu-boulders
http://www.hokianga.net.nz/hokianga/koutu/koutu_boulders.htm

Some papers about the North Alpine Molasse Basin.

Krenmayr, H. G., 1999, 2.3. The Austrian sector of the
North Alpine Molasse: A classic foreland basin.
Berichte der Geologischen Bundesanstalt. Band 49,
pp. 22-27.
http://www.landesmuseum.at/pdf_frei_remote/BerichteGeolBundesanstalt_49_0022-0026.pdf
http://www.geologie.ac.at/filestore/download/BR0049_001_A.pdf

Hamilton, W., L. Wagner, and G. Wessely, 2000, Oil and
gas in Austria. Mittcilungen der Oslerrcichischen
Geologischen Gesellschaft. Band 92, pp. 235-262
http://www2.uibk.ac.at/downloads/oegg/Band_92_235_262.pdf

Best wishes,

Paul H.

Sunday, 21 October 2012

Oldest-tree fossils on display in Grahamsville, New York

Oldest-tree fossils on display in Grahamsville, New York


Oldest-tree fossils on display in Grahamsville

The Daily Star, October 20, 2012

http://thedailystar.com/local/x1133188514/Oldest-tree-fossils-on-display-in-Grahamsville


Some online papers are:

1. Stein, W. E., C. M. Berry, L. V.-A. Hernick, and F. Mannolini,

2012, Surprisingly complex community discovered in the

mid-Devonian fossil forest at Gilboa. Nature. vol. 483, pp. 78-81

PDF file at http://211.144.68.84:9998/91keshi/Public/File/34/483-7387/pdf/nature10819.pdf


2. Selden, P. A., 2005, Terrestrialization (Precambrian–Devonian)

Encyclopedia of Life Sciences, John Wileyand Sons, New York.

PDF file at http://www.paulselden.net/uploads/7/5/3/2/7532217/elsterrestrialization.pdf

and http://www.paulselden.net/publications.html


3. Shear, W. A., P. A. Snelden, W. A. I. Rolfe, P. M. Bonamo,

and J. D. Gierson, 1987, New Terrestrial Arachnids from

the Devonian of Gilboa, New York (Arachnida, Trigonotarbida).

American Museum Novitates. no. 2901, pp. 1 -74.

PDF file at http://www.paulselden.net/uploads/7/5/3/2/7532217/gilboatrigssmall.pdf

and http://www.paulselden.net/publications.html


4. Retallack G. J. and C. Huang, 2011, Ecology and evolution

of Devonian trees in New York, USA. Palaeogeography

Paleoclimatology Paleoecology. vol.299, pp.110-128.

and http://pages.uoregon.edu/dogsci/_media/directory/faculty/greg/palaeogoegraphypalaeoclimatologypalaeoecology2011devoniantrees.pdf?id=directory%3Afaculty%3Agreg%3Apublications&cache=cache http://pages.uoregon.edu/dogsci/doku.php?id=directory/faculty/greg/publications


Other pages about the Gilboa Fossil Forest, New York are:

Dr. Lockwood’S Fossil Forest (Gilboa Fossil Forest,

New York) May 12, 2012 http://www.thefossilforum.com/index.php/topic/29457-dr-lockwoods-fossil-forest-gilboa-fossil-forest-new-york/page__hl__gilboa

The Gilboa Museum - Devonian Forest Fossils!

July 13. 2012, http://www.thefossilforum.com/index.php/topic/14317-the-gilboa-museum-devonian-forest-fossils/page__hl__gilboa

Gilboa Fossil Forest - Wkipedia

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gilboa_Fossil_Forest


Devonian Times - The First Forests

http://www.devoniantimes.org/opportunity/forests.html

Best wishes,
Paul H.

New Paper About Permian - Triassic Extinction

New Paper About Permian - Triassic Extinction


Geochemical analysis of Chinese rocks used to better
understand the Permian-Triassic mass extinction
by Greg Hand, Physorg, October 16, 2012
http://phys.org/news/2012-10-geochemical-analysis-chinese-permian-triassic-mass.html

Tropical Collapse in Early Triassic Caused by Lethal
Heat: Extreme Temperatures Blamed for 'Dead Zone'
ScienceDaily, October, 18, 2012)
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/10/121018141844.htm

Early Triassic's Stifling Heat Made Earth Hostile to
Life, Scientists Say by Jenny Marder, October 18, 2012
http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/2012/10/-some-250-million-years.html

Permian-Triassic Extinction Event May Have Been
Driven By Extreme Warming, Huffington Post,
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/10/18/permiantriassic-extinction-event_n_1981835.html

The papers are:

Sun, Y., M. M. Joachimski, P. B. Wignall, C. Yan, Y. Chen,
H. Jiang, L. Wang, and X. Lai, 2012, Lethally Hot
Temperatures During the Early Triassic Greenhouse.
Science. vol. 338, no. 6105, pp. 366-370
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/338/6105/366

and

Bottjer, D. J., 2012, Life in the Early Triassic Ocean.
Science. vol. 338, no. 6105, pp. 336-337
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/338/6105/336.summary

Best wishes,

Paul H.

More Evidence Permian - Triassic Extinction Not Caused by Extraterrestrial Impact

More Evidence Permian - Triassic Extinction Not Caused by Extraterrestrial Impact

As time goes on, more and more evidence that the
Triassic - Permian extinction was not caused by an
extraterrestrial impact seems to be accumulating.

Go see:

Geochemical analysis of Chinese rocks used to better
understand the Permian-Triassic mass extinction
by Greg Hand, Physorg, October 16, 2012
http://phys.org/news/2012-10-geochemical-analysis-chinese-permian-triassic-mass.html

Tropical Collapse in Early Triassic Caused by Lethal
Heat: Extreme Temperatures Blamed for 'Dead Zone'
ScienceDaily, October, 18, 2012)
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/10/121018141844.htm

Early Triassic's Stifling Heat Made Earth Hostile to
Life, Scientists Say by Jenny Marder, October 18, 2012
http://www.pbs.org/newshour/rundown/2012/10/-some-250-million-years.html

Permian-Triassic Extinction Event May Have Been
Driven By Extreme Warming, Huffington Post,
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/10/18/permiantriassic-extinction-event_n_1981835.html

The papers are:

Sun, Y., M. M. Joachimski, P. B. Wignall, C. Yan, Y. Chen,
H. Jiang, L. Wang, and X. Lai, 2012, Lethally Hot
Temperatures During the Early Triassic Greenhouse.
Science. vol. 338, no. 6105, pp. 366-370
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/338/6105/366

Also, there is the below commentary:

Bottjer, D. J., 2012, Life in the Early Triassic Ocean.
Science. vol. 338, no. 6105, pp. 336-337
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/338/6105/336.summary

Best wishes,

Paul H.

Thursday, 18 October 2012

Revised Model for the Origin of the Moon


Revised Model for the Origin of the Moon

A New Model for the Origin of the Moon by Sarah
T. Stewart-Mukhopadhyay, Department of Earth
and Planetary Sciences, Harvard University
http://www.fas.harvard.edu/~planets/sstewart/Moon.html

How the Moon Was Made: A Massive Collision
Smithsonian, October 17. 2012,
http://blogs.smithsonianmag.com/science/2012/10/how-the-moon-was-made-a-massive-collision/

Harvard scientists suggest Moon made from Earth.
NewsDaily, October 17, 2012
http://www.newsdaily.com/stories/bre89h034-us-moon-theory/

The paper is:

Cuk, M., and S. T. Stewart, 2012, Making the Moon
from a fast-spinning Earth: A giant impact followed
by resonant despinning. Science. Published online
17 October 2012 [DOI:10.1126/science.1225542]
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/early/2012/10/16/science.1225542.abstract

Canup, R. M., 2012, Forming a Moon with an Earth-
Like Composition via a Giant Impact. Published
online 17 October 2012 [DOI:10.1126/science.1226073]
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/early/2012/10/16/science.1226073.abstract

Best wishes,

Paul H.

Tuesday, 16 October 2012

Hunting Dinosaurs in Alaska (Colville River)

Hunting Dinosaurs in Alaska (Colville River)

Field geologists break rocks, bones while searching
for dinosaur fossils in Alaska by Doug Hissom,
Baltimore Post-Examiner, Oct. 16, 2102
http://baltimorepostexaminer.com/field-geologists-break-rocks-bones-while-searching-for-dinosaur-fossils-in-alaska/2012/10/16

Other web pages

Alaska Dinosaurs (BLM)
http://www.blm.gov/ak/st/en/prog/culture/paleontology/dinosaurs.html

Rich, T. H., 2008, Tunnelling for dinosaurs in the high
Arctic. Deposits Magazine. vol. 16, pp. 18-22.
PDF file at http://www.blm.gov/pgdata/etc/medialib/blm/ak/aktest/culture_res/culture_pdfs.Par.56968.File.dat/deposits_mag_08-2008_issue16.pdf

Arctic Dinosaurs (NOVA – PBS)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/nature/arctic-dinosaurs.html
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/evolution/filming-dinosaurs-in-alaska.html

Re: Colville River, North Slope Alaska, Dinosaur Fossils Questions
http://dml.cmnh.org/1995Apr/msg00035.html
http://dml.cmnh.org/2001Aug/msg00337.html

The Strange Lives of Polar Dinosaurs by Mitch Leslie
Smithsonian Magazine, December 2007
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history-archaeology/polar-dinosaurs-200712.html

The dinosaur killing field of northern Alaska
by Ned Rozell / Alaska Science Forum
http://www.newsminer.com/view/full_story/7368363/article-The-dinosaur-killing-field-of-northern-Alaska-

Recent Book

Gangloff, R. A., 2012, Dinosaurs Under the Aurora.
University of Indiana Press, University of Indiana,
Indianapolis, IN.

There are a seemingly endless number of peer-reviewed
papers about the paleontology, stratigraphy, and
sedimentology of the Liscomb Bone Bed that I cannot
even begin to list.

Best wishes,

Paul H.

Dinosaur Hunting on the Colville River, Alaska

Dinosaur Hunting on the Colville River, Alaska

Field geologists break rocks, bones while searching
for dinosaur fossils in Alaska by Doug Hissom,
Baltimore Post-Examiner, Oct. 16, 2102
http://baltimorepostexaminer.com/field-geologists-break-rocks-bones-while-searching-for-dinosaur-fossils-in-alaska/2012/10/16

Other web pages

Alaska Dinosaurs (BLM)
http://www.blm.gov/ak/st/en/prog/culture/paleontology/dinosaurs.html

Rich, T. H., 2008, Tunnelling for dinosaurs in the high
Arctic. Deposits Magazine. vol. 16, pp. 18-22.
PDF file at http://www.blm.gov/pgdata/etc/medialib/blm/ak/aktest/culture_res/culture_pdfs.Par.56968.File.dat/deposits_mag_08-2008_issue16.pdf

Arctic Dinosaurs (NOVA – PBS)
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/nature/arctic-dinosaurs.html
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/evolution/filming-dinosaurs-in-alaska.html

Re: Colville River, North Slope Alaska, Dinosaur Fossils Questions
http://dml.cmnh.org/1995Apr/msg00035.html
http://dml.cmnh.org/2001Aug/msg00337.html

The Strange Lives of Polar Dinosaurs by Mitch Leslie
Smithsonian Magazine, December 2007
http://www.smithsonianmag.com/history-archaeology/polar-dinosaurs-200712.html

The dinosaur killing field of northern Alaska
by Ned Rozell / Alaska Science Forum
http://www.newsminer.com/view/full_story/7368363/article-The-dinosaur-killing-field-of-northern-Alaska-

Recent Book

Gangloff, R. A., 2012, Dinosaurs Under the Aurora.
University of Indiana Press, University of Indiana,
Indianapolis, IN.

There are a seemingly endless number of peer-reviewed
papers about the paleontology, stratigraphy, and
sedimentology of the Liscomb Bone Bed that I cannot
even begin to list.

Best wishes,

Paul H.

Saturday, 13 October 2012

Meteorite Delivers Martian Secrets

Meteorite Delivers Martian Secrets

Meteorite Delivers Martian Secrets
ScienceDaily, October 11, 2012)
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/10/121011141439.htm

http://www.sciencenews.org/view/generic/id/345727/description/Scientists_probe_fresh_Martian_meteorite%C2%A0_

Mars meteorite may contain bubbles of 700000-year-old
Martian air, The Guardian, October 11, 2012
http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/2012/oct/11/meteorite-mars-bubbles-martian-air

The paper is:

Aoudjehane, H. C., G. Avice, J.-A. Barrat, O. Boudouma, G. Chen,
M. J .M. Duke, I. A. Franchi, J. Gattacecca, M. M. Grady, R. C.
Greenwood, C. D. K. Herd, R. Hewins, A. Jambon, B. Marty, P.
Rochette, C. L Smith, V. Sautter, A. Verchovsky, P. Weber, and
B. Zanda. Tissint Martian Meteorite: A Fresh Look at the
Interior, Surface, and Atmosphere of Mars. Science,
Published Online October 11 2012
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/early/2012/10/12/science.1224514.abstract

Best wishes,

Paul H.

Thursday, 11 October 2012

Voyager 1 may have left the solar system

Voyager 1 may have left the solar system

Voyager 1 may have left the solar system
by Nancy Atkinson, Universe Today, October 9, 2012
http://phys.org/news/2012-10-voyager-left-solar.html and
http://www.universetoday.com/97763/voyage-1-may-have-left-the-solar-system/

Voyager 1 Has Left Solar System By Crossing
Heliopause, Huffington Post, October 9, 2012
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/10/09/voyager-1-solar-system-heliopause_n_1951224.html

Yours,

Paul H.

Friday, 5 October 2012

Fossils in storage: How do you sort through the backlog?

Fossils in storage: How do you sort through the backlog?

A Modest Proposal: 3-D Printing of Fossils Still
Trapped in Matrix by Charles Q. Choi, October 3, 2012
http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/assignment-impossible/2012/10/03/a-modest-proposal-3-d-printing-of-fossils-still-trapped-in-matrix/

Fossils in storage: How do you sort through the
backlog? by Maggie Koerth-Baker, October 4, 2012
http://boingboing.net/2012/10/04/fossils-in-storage-how-do-you.html

Best wishes,

Paul H.

Tuesday, 2 October 2012

$2 million in gems, gold stolen from Calif. museum

$2 million in gems, gold stolen from Calif. museum

The gem and mineral collectors among us should
keep an eye out for these stolen specimens. Also,
people dealing in this any sort of valuable material
should take care.

$2 Million In Gems, Gold Stolen From Mariposa
Museum, October 1, 2012, CBS News, Sacremento.
http://sacramento.cbslocal.com/2012/10/01/2-million-in-gems-gold-stolen-from-california-museum/

Mariposa stunned by brazen heist at mineral
museum by Joshua Emerson Smith, Merced Sun-star
http://www.fresnobee.com/2012/09/29/3011622/mariposa-stunned-by-brazen-heist.html
http://www.fresnobee.com/2012/10/01/3013262/2-million-in-gems-gold-stolen.html

Investigators looking for Mariposa museum thieves
ABC News, October 01, 2012
http://abclocal.go.com/kfsn/story?section=news/local&id=8831882

$2 million in gems, gold stolen from Calif. museum
Lompoc Record. October 1, 2012.
http://www.lompocrecord.com/news/state-and-regional/million-in-gems-gold-stolen-from-calif-museum/article_c09df010-a1e2-5264-ae63-c3336773f5ff.html

$2 million in gems, gold stolen from Calif. museum
By Jason Dearen, Associated Press, Oct. 1, 2012
http://www.fresnobee.com/2012/10/01/3013262/2-million-in-gems-gold-stolen.html

Best wishes,

Paul H.

Fine Art of Extracting Bones From Rocks

Fine Art of Extracting Bones From Rocks

Preparing fossils: the fine art of extracting bones
from the rocks (Rarely appreciated is the fundamental
part of palaeontology that is preparation, removing
the fossils from the rocks that entomb them.)
by Dave Hone, The Guardian, October 1, 2012,
http://www.guardian.co.uk/science/lost-worlds/2012/oct/01/dinosaurs-fossils?newsfeed=true

Best wishes,

Paul H.

Sunday, 30 September 2012

Computers Used To Find New Fossil Sites

Computers Used To Find New Fossil Sites

Artificial Intelligence Used to Home in on New
Fossil Sites (In the desert, researchers demonstrate
that an artificial neural network can pinpoint
new fossil-rich sites, paving the way for more
efficient digs) by Charles Q. Choi, Scientific American
Sept. 28, 2012,
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=artificial-intelligence-used-home-in-new-fossil-sites

Fossil Finding Goes High Tech, Smithsonian Blog
Sept. 28, 2012,
http://blogs.smithsonianmag.com/smartnews/2012/09/fossil-finding-goes-high-tech/

Then there is:

Computers Are Good Fossil Hunters (Africa,
Google Earth) Smithsonian Blog,
http://blogs.smithsonianmag.com/hominids/2011/11/computers-are-good-fossil-hunters/

Jackson K. N., L. and J. Hlusko, 2011, Fine-tuning
paleoanthropological reconnaissance with high-
resolution satellite imagery: the discovery of 28
new sites in Tanzania. Journal of Human Evolution.
vol. 59, no. 6, pp. 680–684,
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0047248410001429

Yours,

Paul H.

Tuesday, 25 September 2012

Valley Fever (coccidioidomycosis) (Includes Online Map)

Valley Fever (coccidioidomycosis) (Includes Online Map)
(click on image to enlarge)
Source: University of Arizona
Andrew C. Comrie Recent & Ongoing Research

In “Valley Fever (coccidioidomycosis) Mohave desert
risk for meteorite hunters and rockhounders et al” at
http://six.pairlist.net/pipermail/meteorite-list/2012-September/087421.html
Dirk wrote:

“Ran across this tidbit about an unknown (to me)
RISK FACTOR while Mohave meteorite hunting (in a
article about fossil bugs):
http://inyo.coffeecup.com/site/barstowfossils/barstowfossils.html

You are quite right, Valley / San Jaoquin Fever is a risk
factor for a lot of people who hunt for meteorites, rocks,
fossils, minerals, gold, and other stuff within the southwestern
United States. Areas in which it is a serious concern can
be seen in a map showing the distribution of valley fever can
be found at http://www.u.arizona.edu/~comrie/map_color.gif .
It is part of “Andrew C. Comrie Recent & Ongoing Research
Projects” at http://www.u.arizona.edu/~comrie/projects.htm .

As people have noted in other posts, the inhabitants of
Tucson and Phoenix live and work in the middle of the
high risk area. However, valley fever in endemic to a good
chunk of Texas and parts of other states. Even outside of
the maps areas, i.e. Utah, it can be a concern.

A nice, general discussion and overview of valley fever
for a person, who is not a trained in medicine, to read is:

Fink, M. T., and K. K. Komatsu, 2001, The Fungus Among
Us: Coccidioidomycosis (“Valley Fever”) and Archaeologists.
in D. A. Poirier and K. L. Feder, eds., pp. 21 -30, Dangerous
places : health, safety, and archaeology. Bergin & Garvey,
Westport, Connecticut.
https://catalyst.library.jhu.edu/catalog/bib_2173414

Although it is a risk to meteorite hunters and rockhounds,
archaeologists and paleontologists really have to be
careful about where they work within the southwestern
United States. For example, this paper notes that between
1954 and 1978 there were 12 known outbreaks that
involved multiple people at archaeological and
paleontological excavations. Also, valley fever is a problem
at Sharktooth Hill, a popular place to dig for Middle
Miocene vertebrate fossils near Bakersfield, California.

Some web pages about Coccidioidomycosis are:

Coccidioidomycosis (Valley / San Jaoquin Fever), California
http://www.cdph.ca.gov/healthinfo/discond/Pages/Coccidioidomycosis.aspx
http://ehis.fullerton.edu/OHS/InjuryAndIllnessPrevention/ValleyFeverInformation.aspx

Coccidioidomycosis (Valley Fever), Arizona
http://www.azdhs.gov/phs/oids/epi/disease/cocci/

Coccidioidomycosis (Valley fever), Utah
http://health.utah.gov/epi/fact_sheets/cocci.html
http://health.utah.gov/epi/diseases/cocci/plan/Coccidioidomycosis%20Plan_03242011.pdf

Coccidioidomycosis (Valley Fever)
http://www.cdc.gov/fungal/coccidioidomycosis/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coccidioidomycosis

Best wishes,

Paul H.

Finding Fossilized Insects in the Mojave

Finding Fossilized Insects in the Mojave

Finding Fossilized Insects in the Mojave
by Farrall S. Smith, Desert USA,
http://www.desertusa.com/animals/find-fossil-insects.html

Other online material about the Barstow fossil insects.

Fossil Insects And Vertebrates On The Mojave Desert, California,
http://inyo.coffeecup.com/site/barstowfossils/barstowfossils.html

Fossilized Insect Nodule Project Overview (A brief look
at the fossilized insects found within Calcium carbonate
rock nodules found in the Mojave Desert.) by Farrall S. Smith
http://www.scribd.com/doc/31877812/Fossilized-Insect-Nodule-Project-Overview

Miller, K.B. and S.H. Lubkin, 2001, Calicovatellus
petrodytes Miller and Lubkin, a new genus and species
of primitive vatelline diving beetle (Coleoptera:
Dytiscidae: Hydroporinae: Vatellini) from the
Miocene Barstow Formation, Southern California,
USA. Journal of Paleontology. vol. 75, pp. 890-894.

PDF file at
http://whitinglab.byu.edu/Portals/61/docs/KellyBMiller/KM-12_calicovatellus.pdf

Link at
http://whitinglab.byu.edu/Personnel/FormerLabPersonnel/KellyBMiller/Publications.aspx

Ostracod fossils from the Barstow Formation location:

Wilkinson, I. P., P. R. Wilby, M. Williams, D. J. Siveter,
A. A. Page, L. Leggitt. and D. A. Riley, 2010, Exceptionally
preserved ostracodes from a Middle Miocene
palaeolake, California, USA. Journal of the Geological
Society. vol. 167, no. 4, pp. 817-825. PDF file at
http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/10079/1/Miocene_Ostracod_from_Barstow.pdf

Best wishes,

Paul H.
--

Monday, 24 September 2012

New BLM Rules - Proposition 120 con`t

New BLM Rules - Proposition 120 con`t

I wrote and was quoted as saying:

"Also, you may find state officials no different, or even
worse, than federal officials with which to deal. Be
careful for what you wish."

In “New BLM Rules - Proposition 120” at,
http://six.pairlist.net/pipermail/meteorite-list/2012-September/087391.html
Mark replied;

“It is easier to deal with locally elected officials who
are at most 2 or 3 hours away from your home. I
have had success having face time with state officials,
but the Feds... hopeless. They are often inaccessible,
unaccountable and won't give you the time of day. “

What I have found, is this is not true of the people, who
live out of state. I have had the same “won't give you the
time of day” experience with state officials also. Often
my experience has often been that if a person is not a
resident and cannot vote in a state, as far as some state
officials are concern, a person can just go jump in a very
deep sinkhole. Dealing with state officials might be fine
if a person lives in the same state as the state official.
Otherwise, it can be just as frustrating as dealing with
federal officials. If a person is nonresident, I have found
that state officials are just as inaccessible as some, but
definitely not all, federal officials can be. The only
exception to this are people at state geological surveys,
who I have found to be without exception universally
accessible.

As much as there needs to be changes to BLM policies
towards collecting rocks, minerals, fossils, and meteorites,
they appear still to be far better than those practiced by
Arizona in respect to its general state lands, which are
not officially part of their parks according to what I have
found online. For example,

1. I found one comment about mineral collecting on state
land in Arizona on their “Mineral Management Program”
web page at
http://www.land.state.az.us/programs/natural/mineral_leasing.htm#commonVariety

It states,

“**Note: Recreational mining or mineral collecting on
State Trust land is prohibited.”

2. The “Mining Activities on State Trust Land” web page at
http://mines.az.gov/Info/aztrustlands.html , states:

“Recreational mining or mineral collecting on State Trust
land is prohibited.”

3. “RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES NOT ALLOWED ON STATE
LANDS UNDER ANY PERMIT” at:
http://www.tucsonhunting.com/State_Land.php

“Collecting or removing natural products (rocks, stone,
soil, fossils, mineral specimens, cacti, saguaro or cholla
skeletons, plants (live or dead), or firewood for home
use”

4. The “Arizona rockhounding” web page at
http://mines.az.gov/Rec_Ed/rockhound.html guides people
to BLM land for rock and mineral collecting.

5. The “Gold Panning” web at
http://mines.az.gov/Rec_Ed/goldpanning.html states:

“In general, gold panning is allowed on Bureau of Land
Management and Forest Service Land where there are
no existing claims.”

No mention is made of where it is allowed on Arizona
state lands. The impression that I get is that they want
rock collectors to come to visit Arizona and spend money
However, they want them to stay off state land and do
all of their rock hounding on BLM land. I would suspect
that they have the same feeling for meteorite collectors.

6. Also, there is “Date Creek Crystal location” at:
http://www.nuggetshooter.ipbhost.com/index.php?showtopic=16892

“I have received a warning ( not at this spot) and advised that
my name will be on file and that another violation will be BAD!

Don't blame me if YOU get caught!"

7. Finally, there is “Hunting on Arizona State Land?“ at:
http://www.nuggetshooter.ipbhost.com/index.php?showtopic=15598

“State land is not open for prospecting. Getting caught there
is an instant trip to jail,and a big fine.”

"Recreational mining or metal detecting on state trust land is
prohibited. State trust land is not public land period. Simply
being on the land without the proper permit is trespassing,and
no permit allows for metal detecting."

Judging from what I have found, the discussion on the above
pages likely also applies to meteorites. It appears from these
web pages that changing from the BLM to the state of Arizona
is not going to help anything for meteorite collectors.

Best wishes,

Paul H.

New BLM Rules - Proposition 120

New BLM Rules - Proposition 120

In “New BLM Rules” at
http://six.pairlist.net/pipermail/meteorite-list/2012-September/087388.html
Jim Wooddell wrote,

“In light of these new meteorite rules, the people
of AZ have Proposition 120 to consider. In a nut
shell, it's AZ telling the Feds to go pound sand and
reclaim sovereignty they should have had in the
first place.... which is a states right! Something we
all should seriously look at and consider. I know
politics are vodoo here...so I wont state an my
opinion. It does directly effect meteorite hunting
in the State of AZ. How this plays out will be
interesting, to say the least.”

There is an article about Proposition 120 in:

Proposition Challenges Control Of Federal Lands
Move to seize 25 million acres divides candidates
for Legislature by Pete Aleshire, Payson Roundup,
September 23, 2012.

http://www.paysonroundup.com/news/2012/sep/14/proposition-challenges-control-federal-lands/

The article states:

”Many opponents maintain that the whole crusade
amounts to a waste of time and effort, since federal
courts have repeatedly ruled that federal law takes
precedence over state law and that states have no
power to nullify federal law, including the landmark
Cooper v. Aaron case in 1958. The federal government
acquired much of Arizona from Mexico through the
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo that ended the Mexican-
American War. The federal government acquired the
rest of the territory through the Gadsen Purchase. By
contrast, the 13 original colonies entered the union
with very little public land.

As a result, a number of independent legal scholars
have concluded that the federal courts would quickly
overturn the measure even if it passes, according to
an analysis of the proposition published by the
Morrison Institute for Public Policy.”

Look at:

Perkins, E. J., 2012, Understanding Arizona's Propositions:
2012 Series. Prop 120 – State Sovereignty Act. Morrison
Institute for Public Policy, Arizona State University, Phoenix,
Arizona

http://morrisoninstitute.asu.edu/2012-understanding-arizonas-propositions/2012-prop-120-state-sovereignty-act

I would not hold my breathe waiting for proposition
120 to change matters as far as the BLM goes.

Also, one result of proposition 120 would be to turn
all national parks, including the Grand Canyon, within
Arizona to the state of Arizona, who could then sell
this property to private individuals and corporation
to do what they want with them. Destroying all of the
national park system within Arizona seems to be a
steep price to pay for getting rid of BLM regulations
that people do not like.

Also, you may find state officials no different, or even
worse, than federal officials with which to deal. Be
careful for what you wish.

Best wishes,

Paul H.

It's a 'hole' lotta fun ("Cooradigbee crater")

It's a 'hole' lotta fun ("Cooradigbee crater")

In "It's a 'hole' lotta fun" at:
http://six.pairlist.net/pipermail/meteorite-list/2012-September/087340.html
Tom Randall wrote

“Cooradigbee crater? Anyone have any more info on this?

http://bit.ly/NHLhWu

The article is It's a 'hole' lotta fun” by Tim the
Yowie Man, Travel Section, The Age at

http://www.theage.com.au/travel/blogs/yowie-man/its-a-hole-lotta-fun-20120921-26cnh.html

There is a picture of the alleged crater at:

http://images.theage.com.au/2012/09/21/3654727/art353-yowie3-300x0.jpg

Given the small size of it and the indefinite location
it is hard to tell much about from a literature review
and without going there. Judging from the lack of
any well defined rim and any reported evidence other
than tilted rocks, it does not look at all promising. Still,
any definitive conclusion would have to come from
an onsite inspection by a professional or avocational
geologist.

The video does claim that rocks being “45 degrees to
the west” in one place and being “45 degrees to the
east” in another part of the area as evidence of an
impact. The Brindabella 1:100 000 Geological Map (Owen
and Wyborn 1979), Canberra 1:250,000 scale geologic
map (Gilligan 1974), Goulburn 1:250 000 Geological Map
(Johnson et al. 2010), and the Yass 1:100 000 Geological
Map (Colquhoun 2008), demonstrate that the area of
Lake Burrinjuck, New South Wales within which the
Cooradigbee Homestead (and “Cooradigbee Crater”) occurs
consist of tightly folded, faulted, and otherwise deformed
Early Devonian volcanic, volcanoclastic, and terrigeneous
sedimentary rocks. There is also a thick layer of folded and
faulted “massive to thin-bedded fossiliferous limestone
and calcareous shale” in the area of Wee Jasper. As a result,
a person will need more than tilted strata to argue for the
existence of a impact crater. Also, depending on the
location of this shallow topographic bowl, a person might
have to exclude the possibility it is a sinkhole.

For Google Earth fans, the location of the Cooradigbee
Homestead is 35 degrees, 3’, 49.73”S, and 148 degrees,
39’, 37.61” E.

Reference cited

Colquhoun G. P., A. Y. E. Warren, R. G. Cameron, A. J. Johnston,
and D. J. Pogson, 2008, Yass 1:100 000 Geological Sheet 8628,
2nd edition. Geological Survey of New South Wales, Sydney.
http://www.resources.nsw.gov.au/geological/geological-maps/1-100-000/yass-1100-000-geological-map
http://www.resources.nsw.gov.au/geological/geological-maps/1-100-000#central

Gilligan, L. B., 1974, Canberra 1:250,000 Metallogenic Map.
Geological Survey of New South Wales, SI/55-16, Sydney, Australia.
http://www.resources.nsw.gov.au/geological/mineral-maps-data/1-250-000/canberra-1250-000-metallogenic-map
http://www.resources.nsw.gov.au/geological/mineral-maps-data/1-250-000

Johnston, A. J., M. M. Scott, O. D. Thomas, D. J. Pogson, A. Y. E.
Warren, L. Sherwin, G. P. Colquhoun, J .J. Watkins, R. G. Cameron,
G. P. Macrae and R. A. Glen., 2010, Goulburn 1:250 000
Geological Sheet SI/55-12, Provisional 2nd edition, Geological
Survey of New South Wales, Maitland.
http://www.resources.nsw.gov.au/geological/geological-maps/1-250-001/goulburn-250k-geological-map
http://www.resources.nsw.gov.au/geological/geological-maps/1-250-001

Owen, M. and D. Wyborn, 1979, Brindabella (NSW and ACT)
1:100 000 Geological Map First Edition, BMR, Canberra
http://www.resources.nsw.gov.au/geological/geological-maps/1-100-000/brindabella-1100-000-geological-map
http://www.resources.nsw.gov.au/geological/geological-maps/1-100-000#central

For other Australian geological maps go to:

Scanned 1:250 000 Geology Maps of Australia
http://tinyurl.com/GeologicalMapsAustralia
http://www.geoscience.gov.au/index.html

Best wishes,

Paul H.

Saturday, 22 September 2012

Dawn Sees Hydrated Minerals On Giant Asteroid

Dawn Sees Hydrated Minerals On Giant Asteroid

Dawn Sees Hydrated Minerals On Giant Asteroid
ScienceDaily, Sept. 20, 2012,
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/09/120920202045.htm

Dawn Sees Hydrated Minerals on Giant Asteroid,
news release, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, NSAS,
http://www.jpl.nasa.gov/news/news.php?release=2012-297
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/dawn/news/dawn20120920.html

The papers are:

Prettyman, T. H., et al., 2012, Elemental Mapping by
Dawn Reveals Exogenic H in Vesta's Regolith.
Science. Published Online September 20, 2012
DOI: 10.1126/science.1225354
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/early/2012/09/19/science.1225354

Denevi, B. W., et al., 2012, Pitted Terrain on Vesta
and Implications for the Presence of Volatiles. Science.
Published Online September 20, 2012
DOI: 10.1126/science.1225374
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/early/2012/09/19/science.1225374

Best wishes,

Paul H.

Friday, 21 September 2012

New "Big Impact" Theory (Eltanin asteroid impact)

New "Big Impact" Theory (Eltanin asteroid impact)

In “New "Big Impact" Theory” at
http://six.pairlist.net/pipermail/meteorite-list/2012-September/087243.html
Sterling K. Webb wrote:

“New "Big Impact" theory. In case you find the
references to a "new Ice Age" puzzling, I'll remind
you that it's the Ice Age that we in right now. Yes,
friends, we are in an Ice Age, at 5-7 C. below the
long-term norm.”

and

“Did a 'Forgotten' Meteor Have a Deadly, Icy Double-Punch?”
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/09/120919103612.htm

This article refers to:

Goff, J., C. Chague-Goff, M. Archer, D. Dominey-Howes,
and C. Turney, 2012, The Eltanin asteroid impact:
possible South Pacific palaeomegatsunami footprint
and potential implications for the Pliocene-Pleistocene
transition. Journal of Quaternary Science. Article first
published online: 3 SEP 2012.
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/jqs.2571/abstract

Related to this is an interesting paper published online
in Geology. It is:

Gao, C., J. H. McAndrews, X. Wang, J. Menzies, C. L. Turton,
B. D. Wood, J. Pei, and C. Kodors, 2012, Glaciation of North
America in the James Bay Lowland, Canada, 3.5 Ma. geology.
First published online September 4, 2012
http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/early/2012/09/04/G33092.1.abstract

This provides evidence of glaciation in North America of
continental glaciations that are of a magnitude that is likely
comparable to Pleistocene glaciations started about 3.5
million years ago. This glaciation coincides with the
documented intensification of glaciation in the northwest
Pacific region about 3.45 million years ago. Thus, "Ice Ages"
were already in process a million years before the Eltanin
asteroid impact and it may have simply only accentuated,
if anything at all, climatic changes that had already started.

Best wishes,

Paul H.

New Younger Dryas Impact Hypothesis Paper

New Younger Dryas Impact Hypothesis Paper

There is a new paper about the Younger Dryas Impact
Hypothesis. It is:

LeCompte, M. A., C. Goodyear, M. N. Demitroff, D. Batchelor,
E. K. Vogel, C. Mooney, B. N. Rockf, and A. W. Seide, 2012,
Independent evaluation of conflicting microspherule results
from different investigations of the Younger Dryas impact
hypothesis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Published online before print September 17, 2012,
doi: 10.1073/pnas.1208603109 http://www.pnas.org/content/early/2012/09/12/1208603109

An article about it is:

Topper Site Supports Theory of Extraterrestrial Impact
12,900 Years Ago, Sci-Tech News, Sept. 20, 2012,
http://www.sci-news.com/archaeology/article00599.html

Yours,

Paul H.

Wednesday, 19 September 2012

Trillions of carats' of industrial diamonds found in impact crater

Trillions of carats' of industrial diamonds found in impact crater

Russia reveals shiny state secret: It's awash in
diamonds, Christian Science Monitor, Sept. 17, 2012‎
http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Global-News/2012/0917/Russia-reveals-shiny-state-secret-It-s-awash-in-diamonds

Trillions of carats' of diamonds found under
Russian asteroid crater, Wired, Sept. 17, 2012
http://www.wired.co.uk/news/archive/2012-09/18/russian-diamond-smorgasbord

Russia boasts of huge diamond field
Business Week, September 17, 2012
http://www.businessweek.com/ap/2012-09-17/russia-boasts-of-huge-diamond-field

On a lighter note:

Monday, 17 September 2012

Possible Middle Cambrian Impact Megabreccia, Queensland, Australia?

Possible Middle Cambrian Impact Megabreccia, Queensland, Australia?

Dear friends,

There is a PhD dissertation, which is accessible online
as PDF files that describes a Middle Cambrian megabreccia
in the Lawn Hill region, Australia. It is

Feltrin, L., 2006, Probabilistic and deterministic models of
Pb-Zn mineralisation and post-mineralisation megabreccia,
in the Lawn Hill region, Australia. unpublished PhD.
dissertation, James Cook University, Australia.

It can be downloaded from http://eprints.jcu.edu.au/1614/.

Chapter 7, “Catastrophic mass failure of a Middle Cambrian
platform margin, the Lawn Hill Megabreccia, Queensland,
Australia,” of this dissertation can be downloaded from
http://eprints.jcu.edu.au/1614/7/07chapter6.pdf .

Although the author does not favor an impact origin for
this megabreccia, he cannot fully ruled such an origin
for the Lawn Hill Megabreccia of Queensland, Australia.

Best wishes,

Paul H.

Radioactivity in Trinitite six decades later

Radioactivity in Trinitite six decades later

Given the recent discussion about radioactive
materials, People on this list might be interested in
the PDF version of a paper about the radioactivity
of trinitie that can be found online. It is:

Parekh, P. P., T. M. Semkow, M. A. Torres, D. K. Haines,
J. M. Cooper, P. M. Rosenberg, and M. E. Kitto, 2006,
Radioactivity in Trinitite six decades later. Journal of
Environmental Radioactivity. vol. 85, pp. 103-120

PDF file at:
http://xa.yimg.com/kq/groups/14439843/1449214542/name/Trinitite-JER-2006.pdf

Also, there is:

1. Pittauerová, D., nd, Trinitite - Radioactivity of trinitite
after 62 years. Radioactivity Measurements Laboratory.
Institute of Environmental Physics, University of Bremen,
Bremen, Germany. (talk)

PDF file at:
http://www.radioaktivitaet.uni-bremen.de/Seminar/Trinitite.pdf

2. Pittauerová, D., W. M. Kolb, J. C. Rosenstiel, and H. W.
Fischer, Radioactivity in Trinitite - a review and new
measurements. Proceedings of Third European IRPA
Congress 2010 June 14−16, Helsinki, Finland.

PDF file at:
http://www.radioaktivitaet.uni-bremen.de/downloads/Pittauerova_P16_31.pdf

3. Pittauerová, D., W. M. Kolb, J. C. Rosenstiel, and H. W.
Fischer, 2010, Radioactivity in Trinitite. Institute of
Environmental Physics, University of Bremen, Bremen,
Germany. (poster)

PDF file at:
http://www.radioaktivitaet.uni-bremen.de/downloads/Pittauerova_trinitite.pdf

4. Kay, S. L., 2008, Trinitie Varieties (Green, Red, Black &
Pearls) Nuclearon.

PDF file at:
http://www.radiochemistry.org/documents/pdf/trinitite_nuclearon_061608.pdf

5. Eby, N., N. Charnley, and J. Smoloiga, nd, Trinite - The
Atomic Rock, University of Massachusett, Lowell, Massachusetts.
http://faculty.uml.edu/Nelson_Eby/Research/Trinitite/NE_SE%20GSA%20trinitite%20presentation.pdf

and 6. Fey, F. L., Jr., 1967, Health Physics Survey of Trinity
Site. Report LA-3719 Los Alamos Scientific Laboratory,
University of California, Los Alamos, New Mexico.
http://www.fas.org/sgp/othergov/doe/lanl/lib-www/la-pubs/00314894.pdf

Some related web pages are:

Trinitite
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trinitite

Re: Trinitite is Still radioactive
http://www7.pair.com/arthur/meteor/archive/archive9/Nov99/msg00298.html

Re: Radioactive (Trinitite)
http://www7.pair.com/arthur/meteor/archive/archive9/Nov99/msg00377.html

Fake Trinitite - Mindat Mineralogy Messageboard
http://www.mindat.org/mesg-55-149528.html

Best wishes,

Paul H.

Sunday, 16 September 2012

Geiger Counters (Really - How do you detect Cobalt 60)

Geiger Counters (Really - How do you detect Cobalt 60)

In “Geiger Counters (Really - How do you detect Cobalt 60)” at
http://lists.drizzle.com/pipermail/rockhounds/2012-September/038431.html
Doug Bank wrote,

“On top of this, my wife's company just had
a container of stainless steel and aluminum
from India rejected at the port in California
because they detected Cobalt 60. I would like
to know what kind of a detector could be used
to determine if any of the aluminum and stainless
steel in their factory may also have cobalt 60
contamination, and is it the same kind of
detector I might use with rocks and minerals.

J Bryan Kramer added,

“ Mexican hot metal:
http://scrippsnews.com/node/43575

This is a significant and in many ways scary problem.

Wikipedia has an interesting article about “hot metal”
in “Radioactive scrap metal” at:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Radioactive_scrap_metal
and a description of a major “hot metal” accident in
“Goiânia accident” at
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Goiania _accident .

As in case of all Wikipedia articles, they have to be
read with some caution, but both articles provide
a list of references that can be used by a person to
do their own research. Specifically interesting is:

1. Ortiz, P., V. Friedrich, J. Wheatley, and M. Oresegun,
1999, Lost & Found Dangers - Orphan Radiation
Sources Raise Global Concerns, IAEA Bulletin vol. 41,
p. 18-21.

http://www.iaea.org/Publications/Magazines/Bulletin/Bull413/41302081821.pdf
http://www.iaea.org/Publications/Magazines/Bulletin/Bull413/index.shtml

2. International Atomic Energy Agency (nd) Reducing
Risks in the Scrap Metal Industry.
http://www.iaea.org/Publications/Booklets/SealedRadioactiveSources/pdfs/handout_scrap.pdf



3. Kopsick, D., R. T. Martin Magold, and R. B. Pope, 2005,
An International Approach to Monitoring, Interception
& Managing Radioactively Contaminated Scrap.
Environmental Protection Agency, Washington D.C.
http://www.epa.gov/rpdweb00/docs/source-management/poster-int-protocol-unece.pdf

and 4. Anonymous (2011) International Conference on
Control and Management of Radioactive Material
Inadvertently Incorporated Into Scrap Metal (2009 :
Tarragona, Spain), International Atomic Energy Agency,
Vienna, Austria
http://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/publications/PDF/Pub1502_web.pdf

Légaré, J.-M., nd, Detection of radioactive sources in scrap metal
http://www.sftext.com/radioprotection/cuba_detection_radio.html

Best wishes,

Paul H.

Saturday, 15 September 2012

New Paper About Moqui Marbles

New Paper About Moqui Marbles

Weber, K. A., T. L. Spanbauer, D. Wacey, M. R. Kilburn,
D. B. Loope, and R. M. Kettler, 2012, Biosignatures link
microorganisms to iron mineralization in a paleoaquifer.
Geology. vol. 40, no. 8, pp. 747-750.

Abstract at:
http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/40/8/747.abstract

PDF file at
http://www.geosciences.unl.edu/~dloope/pdf/Weber2012.pdf

Best wishes,

Paul H.
--





Puzzling Little Martian Spheres That Don't Taste Like 'Blueberries

Puzzling Little Martian Spheres That Don't Taste Like 'Blueberries

NASA Mars Rover Opportunity Reveals Geological Mystery:
Spherical Objects Unlike Previously Found 'Blueberries'
ScienceDaily, September 14, 2012)
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/09/120914154003.htm

Puzzling Little Martian Spheres That Don't Taste Like
'Blueberries', NASA picture
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/mer/multimedia/pia16139.html
http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA05564

NASA Mars rover finds a crunchy 'blueberry' surprise
New Scientist, Septemebr 15, 2012
http://www.newscientist.com/blogs/shortsharpscience/2012/09/mars-rover-finds-a-crunchy-blu.html

Mars 'Blueberries': Iron Baubles Spotted By NASA
Opportunity Rover, Suggests Life Existed On Red
Planet, Huffington Post, Sept. 14, 2012
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/09/14/mars-iron-blueberries-indicates-presence-life_n_1882138.html

Best wishes,

Paul H.

Opportunity Finds Blueberry "Patch"on Mars

Opportunity Finds Blueberry "Patch"on Mars

NASA Mars Rover Opportunity Reveals Geological Mystery:
Spherical Objects Unlike Previously Found 'Blueberries'
ScienceDaily, September 14, 2012)
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2012/09/120914154003.htm

Puzzling Little Martian Spheres That Don't Taste Like
'Blueberries', NASA picture
http://www.nasa.gov/mission_pages/mer/multimedia/pia16139.html
http://photojournal.jpl.nasa.gov/catalog/PIA05564

NASA Mars rover finds a crunchy 'blueberry' surprise
New Scientist, Septemebr 15, 2012
http://www.newscientist.com/blogs/shortsharpscience/2012/09/mars-rover-finds-a-crunchy-blu.html

Mars 'Blueberries': Iron Baubles Spotted By NASA
Opportunity Rover, Suggests Life Existed On Red
Planet, Huffington Post, Sept. 14, 2012
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/09/14/mars-iron-blueberries-indicates-presence-life_n_1882138.html

A possibly related paper is:

Weber, K. A., T. L. Spanbauer, D. Wacey, M. R. Kilburn,
D. B. Loope, and R. M. Kettler, 2012, Biosignatures link
microorganisms to iron mineralization in a paleoaquifer.
Geology. vol. 40, no. 8, pp. 747-750.
http://geology.gsapubs.org/content/40/8/747.abstract

PDF file at http://www.geosciences.unl.edu/~dloope/pdf/Weber2012.pdf

Best wishes,

Paul H.

Saturday, 8 September 2012

World’s Longest Fossilized Track Records Animal's Death March

World’s Longest Fossilized Track Records Animal's Death March

Stunning Discovery: World’s Longest Fossilized
‘Death Track’, Sci-News, August 30, 212
http://www.sci-news.com/paleontology/article00554.html
http://www.sci-news.com/images/2012/08/trackway_hi_res.jpg
http://www.sci-news.com/images/2012/08/image_554_2.jpg

Fossil records 'crab' death march
by Nick Crumpton, BBC News, September 7, 2012
http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-19514333

the paper is:

Lomax, D. R., and C. A. Racay, 2012, A Long
Mortichnial Trackway of Mesolimulus walchi
from the Upper Jurassic Solnhofen Lithographic
Limestone near Wintershof, German. Ichnos:
An International Journal for Plant and Animal
Traces. vol. 19, no. 3, pp. 175-183.
http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10420940.2012.702704

Related articles;

Schmid, D. U., R. R. Leinfelder, and G. Schweigert, 2005,
Stratigraphy and Palaeoenvironments of the Upper
Jurassic of Southern Germany. Zitteliana. Series B,
Reihe B26, pp. 31-56.
http://epub.ub.uni-muenchen.de/11997/1/zitteliana_2005_b26_03.pdf

Koch, R., and C. Weiss, 2005, Field Trip A: Basin-
Platform Transition in Upper Jurassic Lithographic
Limestones and Dolomites of the Northern
Franconian Alb (Germany). Zitteliana. Series B,
Reihe B26, pp. 57-70.
http://epub.ub.uni-muenchen.de/11998/1/zitteliana_2005_b26_04.pdf

Roper, M., 2005, Field Trip B: East Bavarian
Plattenkalk – Different Types of Upper
Kimmeridgian to Lower Tithonian Plattenkalk
Deposits and Facies. Zitteliana. Series B,
Reihe B26, pp. 57-70.
http://epub.ub.uni-muenchen.de/11999/1/zitteliana_2005_b26_05.pdf

Roper, M., 2005, Field Trip C: Lithographic
Limestones and Plattenkalk Deposits of the
Solnhofen and Mörnsheim Formations near
Eichstätt and Solnhofen. Zitteliana. Series B,
Reihe B26, pp. 71-86.
http://epub.ub.uni-muenchen.de/12000/1/zitteliana_2005_b26_06.pdf

Yours,

Paul H.

--